Easy Steps to Upgrade Windows 7 OS

Upgrading Windows

  1. It is always recommended to take a backup of windows before upgrading to Windows 7.
  2. Insert the Windows 7 DVD which you purchased. Double click the setup file and start the installation process.
  3. Note down the product key which is printed on the back side label of the DVD.
  4. Windows 7 will start loading the files and a status bar will be shown. After this the basic configuration window will be displayed.
  5. Select the ‘Language to install’, ‘Time & currency format’ & ‘Keyboard & input method’.
  6. Click ‘Next’. Select the Operating system which you want to install (x86 or 64 bit) architecture. Click ‘Next’.
  7. Click on ‘Install now’ to start installing Windows 7. The ‘End User License Agreement’ window is displayed. Select ‘I accept the license terms’ checkbox and click on ‘Next’.
  8. Select ‘Upgrade’ option. The drive option will be displayed. Select the drive on which you want to install Windows 7 and click ‘Next’.
  9. The ‘Installing Windows’ screen appears. Wait for this installation process to complete. Your computer might restart several times during this process.
  10. After the installation process is complete the ‘Set up Windows’ option is displayed.
  11. Type a username and the computer name for your PC. Click ‘Next’.
  12. Type the password if you want to setup for your windows or click ‘Next.
  13. Type your Windows product key and select ‘Automatically activate windows when I am online’ option. Click ‘Next’.
  14. Click on ‘Use recommended settings’ and click ‘Next’.
  15. Select the appropriate time zone, date & time settings. Select the type of network to which your computer is connected.
  16. The installation of Windows 7 is complete. The system will restart and you will get a login prompt to login to Windows.
  17. Check all the user account profiles and the data from your previous windows. If all is good and done properly than the upgrade is successful. Enjoy your Windows experience.


Installing Microsoft Office on your computer

Installing MS office application on your computer

  1. Insert the MS office 2007 DVD which you purchased in the DVD writer. The installation wizard will automatically appear.
  2. Enter the product key which is printed on the backside of the DVD cover. Click ‘Continue’.
  3. Select ‘I accept the terms of this agreement’ check box and click on ‘continue’.
  4. You have to select an option to install, Upgrade (to switch from previous version) or customize (to select the required features from the installation).
  5. Click on customize option, click on installation tab and deselect the programs which you do not use.
  6. Click on ‘Install now’ button.
  7. The installation progress window is displayed which shows you the status of the installation.
  8. It will take 10 to 15 minutes depending on your computer hardware. Click ‘close’.
  9. The installation is now complete. First time when you open any office program you will be asked to activate your product.
  10. Select ‘I want to activate the software over internet’ option. Click on ‘Next’.
  11. Click ‘Finish’ to complete the installation.

Installing Microsoft Security Essentials

  1. Download the Microsoft Security Essentials from the Microsoft download centre.
  2. When the Microsoft Security Essentials download completes click on ‘Run’ button.
  3. The installation process starts very quickly and the wizard is displayed.
  4. Click on ‘Next’, the terms and agreement window is displayed. Click on ‘I accept’ to accept the terms and conditions.
  5. In the next step you will be required to validate the copy of your Windows operating system. Click on ‘validate’.
  6. The ‘Ready to install Microsoft Security Essentials’ window displays. Click on ‘Install’.
  7. Once the ‘Microsoft Security Essentials’ is installed it immediately updates itself with the latest antivirus definitions.
  8. Click on ‘Finish’. Once the updates are done the Window changes to green colour from red. It says that the PC is now protected.
  9. Your installation is now complete.

Installing Smart Defragger

  1. Download the free software from internet. Close all the applications before starting the installation.
  2. Double click the setup file.  A window will be displayed to start the installation process.
  3. Click on ‘Next’. ‘Select the destination’ window appears. You may browse to select a different location to copy the set up files or you can simple select the default location.
  4. Click on ‘Next’. It will show you the name of the folder. If you want you can change the name of the folder. Click on ‘Next’ when you are done.
  5. Click on ‘Install’ to start the installation process. Click on ‘Finish’ to complete the installation process. This will complete the ‘Smart Defragger’ installation.

 Installing Ccleaner

  1. Download the free version of Ccleaner from the internet. Double click the setup file of Ccleaner.
  2. Click ‘Yes’ to activate the version. The Welcome screen is displayed, click on ‘Next’.
  3. Uncheck the option ‘Install Google chrome as my default browser’.
  4. Click ‘Install’ to start the installation process. It will take 1 to 2 minutes to complete the installation. Click ‘Finish’ to complete the installation process.
  5. The intelligently scan for cookies option will be displayed. Click ‘No’.
  6. The installation of Ccleaner is now complete.

Using Microsoft Office

Learning to use all the applications with the MS Office suite can take a long time, particularly if you teach yourself. There are many online tutorials which can help with the process and a search at YouTube will give you a good start. There are also many training providers running courses in all of the major cities. If you live in London we can recommend Paul Brown Training from personal experience.



Easy Steps to Assemble a Computer

Assembling a computer involves connecting internal and external components. Internal components include the ones that are installed inside a system case such as motherboard, RAM, Disk drives, SMPS and daughter cards. External components are devices that are attached to the system case, such as mouse, keyboard, scanner & printer.

Assembling a PC:

cpuThere are certain key components that you need to consider when assembling a computer. Depending on the requirements of the user, the components vary. The components that are required while assembling a computer are:

  1. Hard drive.
  2. Memory modules (RAM)
  3. Power supply (SMPS)
  4. Heat sink
  5. Fan
  6. IDE cables
  7. DVD writer
  8. Graphics card
  9. Monitor
  10. Keyboard & Mouse

Best practices while assembling a computer.

  1. Keep a static-sensitive device, such as anti-static wrist strap, to disperse static electricity.
  2. Disconnect the unit completely before starting to work with the system case.
  3. Use an air duster to blow the dust from the system case.
  4. Make use of the plastic ties to tie loose cabling inside the system case.
  5. Use a small torch to see the connections in the system case.
  6. Make note of all the important settings on as sheet of paper.

Hands on exercise:

  1. The first step in assembling a computer involves opening the system case.
  2. Turn the knob present on the side of the case and then slide out the lid. Some system cases have two covers, the right and left cover, which you need to remove. You have to unscrew the required screws in order to remove the covers.
  3. Match the new power supply unit with the image of the power supply unit shown in the manual and then start the installation.
  4. Search the location of the power supply unit in the system case.
  5. Insert the power supply unit in the system case. Align the screw holes of the system case with the screw holes of the power supply unit. Fix the screws of the system case with the screws of the power supply unit.
  6. Place the system cooling fan below the power supply box. Fasten the screws to attach the fan from outside the system case.

Installing the Microprocessor:

  1. Check the voltage requirements from the Motherboard and the Microprocessor documentation.
  2. Wear an anti-static wristband.
  3. Place the Motherboard on the work desk.
  4. Take the Microprocessor out from the anti-static bag by holding the microprocessor at the edges.
  5. Check that all the pins on the underside of the microprocessor are straight.
  6. Locate the socket where the microprocessor must be installed. Raise the lever and flap. Align the notch on the microprocessor with the alignment notch on the motherboard.
  7. Gently, place the microprocessor in the socket.
  8. Press the microprocessor firmly in the socket keeping in mind that no damage is caused to the pins.
  9. Push the lever back down such that it is parallel to the motherboard and locked in place, taking care not to break the lever while lowering it.
  10. Install CPU fan on the microprocessor and connect the fan cable to the CPU fan socket on the motherboard.

Installing the Motherboard:

  1. Attach the ATX plate on the rear of the system case. Ensure that the ports for mouse and keyboard are towards the power supply of the system. Align the plate in the appropriate place by pressing the plate from inside of the cabinet.
  2. Install the standoffs on the system board tray of the cabinet in the appropriate location. The standoffs that come with the motherboard may be of different varieties and must be positioned carefully, so that they are not interchanged.
  3. Place the motherboard on the system board tray of the cabinet after fixing the standoffs. All the standoffs must be visible through the holes in the motherboard.
  4. Attach the motherboard to the drive bay by fixing the different screws. Start with the centremost screw and work outwards in a star pattern. You must not tighten the screws too much, as this will damage or crack the motherboard.
  5. From the system case find the different connectors such as the Hard drive LED, speakers and reset connectors. You can read the instructions from the motherboard manual and follow them.
  6. Fix the power connector from the power supply to the motherboard. Attach the 4 pin connector CPU fan on the motherboard.

Installing the memory

  1. Wear the anti-static wristband or hold a metal part of the chassis before touching any of the system components.
  2. Hold the RAM module by the ends without touching pins or chips. Insert the module straight so that it is perpendicular to the motherboard.
  3. Close the side clips on the RAM and lock the clips.

 Mounting the Hard disk:

  1. Locate the empty drive bay in the system case. Insert the Hard disk into the drive bay and attach screws to hold it in place.
  2. Connect one end of the signal cable to the motherboard and other end of the signal cable to the Hard disk. Signal cable is the SATA cable used to transfer data from hard disk to motherboard and vice versa.
  3. Connect the power cable to the Hard disk. Fix the screws to attach the hard disk to the bay.

Mounting the DVD-writer:

  1. Remove the plastic panel from the system case. Insert the DVD writer in the system case.
  2. Attach screws to fix the DVD writer to the system case. Connect the SATA cable to the DVD writer and other end of the SATA cable to the motherboard.
  3. Connect the power cable to the DVD writer.

Connecting External peripheral:

  1. Connect the Monitor to the VGA port of the computer at the rear end of the cabinet.
  2. If you have a DVI port on the motherboard and a DVI monitor than connect the monitor to the DVI port of the motherboard.
  3. Connect the USB keyboard on the USB connector and the USB mouse on a separate USB connector.
  4. Connect the power cord to the SMPS unit at the rear end of the cabinet. The end of the power cord should be inserted into the wall socket.
  5. Connect the monitor power cord to the monitor and the other end to the wall socket.

Now you can safely power ON your computer.